My Immigrant Ancestors

Growing up, I would hear about Americans celebrating traditions from other countries and wondered why my family didn’t celebrate anything “foreign”. After many years of genealogical research, I now know that it’s because every line of my family has been here for eight generations or more. By the time I came along, my relatives had long before abandoned any “foreign” traditions or loyalty to another country. We’ve been speaking English a long time!

All of the ancestral lines that I have studied so far arrived on this continent before 1776 though my ancestors from the Nansemond  Indian tribe were already here.  My DNA is 100% European, but the Native American ancestry did show up in my brother’s DNA.

My earliest immigrant ancestors were mostly English, Dutch, Scottish or Irish; later, many came from Germany, France, or Switzerland.  Some were descended from royalty, but I think that is true for most Americans with European ancestry.

I have found over 200 immigrant ancestors. Some of these are proven; others are assumed until documentation is found. As I do my research, the names on this list will change. Genealogy is full of surprises and sometimes long-held assumptions are found to be incorrect. As I continue my research, I hope to learn the answers to these questions:

    • Why did my immigrant ancestors come here?
    • What kind of work did they do?
    • What was their religion?
    • Were they good citizens?
    • How did they die?
    • Where did they live?
    • What was their family life like?
    • How did they contribute to the United States?
    • Were they patriots?
    • What kind of health problems did they have?
    • Were they literate and educated?
    • What kind of personality traits did they have?
    • What can I learn about them that helps me to better understand myself?

I can see a general pattern already. Most came for religious freedom, whether they were Puritan, Dutch Reformed, Presbyterian, Lutheran, or French Reformed. I have not found any who were Catholic. Most were literate and valued education. Many were leaders in their communities and were involved in the affairs of the day. Though almost everyone in the 17th and 18th centuries had to do some farming, my ancestry also includes sheriffs, elected officials, judges, preachers, tanners, ship captains, plantation owners, soldiers, millers, merchants, innkeepers, road builders, teachers, wheelwrights, surveyors, coopers, weavers, doctors, and lawyers. Almost all of my immigrant ancestors were involved in their churches and seemingly had healthy family relationships. A few were wealthy, but most were not. They must have had an adventurous spirit and a lot of faith to make that long, dangerous trip across the Atlantic.  I feel blessed that these immigrants laid such a solid foundation for me and for those who come after me.

This list is not static. It will be updated from time to time to make corrections or additions.

Immigrant Ancestors

8th Generation

  1. Reuben Steele, b. 1720 in Scotland, d. 1773 in Virginia
  2. Hannah Crockett Steele, b. 1705 in Ireland, d. 1800 in Virginia
  3. John McVey, b. 1737 in Scotland, d. 1823 in Virginia or Kentucky
  4. John Samuel Sparr, b. 1748  in Germany, d. 1835 in (West) Virginia
  5. Anna Maria Neathawk Sparr, b. abt. 1758 in Germany, d. 1834 in (West) Virginia
  6. Alexander Dickey, b. 1746 in Ireland, d. 1832 in South Carolina
  7. Ann Wiseman Dickey, b. 1757 in Ireland, d. 1830 in South Carolina
  8. Margaret Caldwell McKeown, b. in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  9. Mary Seed McKeown, b. 1769 in Ireland, d. 1838 in South Carolina
  10. Hugh Lamb, b. 1756 in Scotland, d. aft. 1815 in Tennessee
  11. Mary Smyth Lamb, b. 1760 in England, d. in Tennessee
  12. Henry Johnson, b. 1738 in Ireland, d. 1815 in Tennessee
  13. Henry McNeely, b. 1725 in Scotland, d. 1811 in South Carolina
  14. Mary Elizabeth Causley McNeely, b. 1733 in Scotland, d. 1817 in South Carolina

9th Generation

  1. Robert Withrow, b. 1692 in Ireland, d. 1741 in Virginia
  2. Janet May Withrow, b. 1686 in Ireland, d. 1727 in Virginia
  3. Samuel Evans, b. in Ireland or Wales, d. 1787 in Pennsylvania
  4. Johann Theobaldt Mueller, b. 1736 in Germany, d. in Virginia (x3)
  5. Johann Philip Ensminger, b. 1727 in France, d. 1807 in Virginia (x3)
  6. Catherine Margaret Kessinger Ensminger, b. 1737 in France, d. 1812 in Virginia (x3)
  7. John Hunter, b. 1700 in Scotland or Ireland, c. 1778 in North Carolina
  8. John McFarland, b. aft. 1698 in Scotland, d. 1784 in Virginia
  9. Mary Montgomery McFarland, b. 1712 in Scotland, d. 1782 in Virginia
  10. James McVey, b. 1712 in Scotland, d. in Virginia
  11. Thomas Paxton, b. in Ireland, d. 1762 in Virginia
  12. Sarah Thomas Paxton, b. 1694 in Ireland, d. 1734 in Pennsylvania
  13. Johann Balthasar Koontz, b. 1735 in Germany, d. 1835 in (West) Virginia
  14. Jacob Neathawk, b. 1730 in Germany or Switzerland, d. 1793 in Pennsylvania
  15. Johann Friedrich Spahr, b. 1725 in Germany, d. 1789 in Pennsylvania
  16. Ana Margaretha Schnaeder Spahr, b. 1729 in Switzerland, d. 1801 in Pennsylvania
  17. Jackson McKeown, b. 1740 in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  18. Caroline McKinney McKeown, b. 1747 in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  19. Samuel McKeown, Sr., b. 1747 in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  20. Robert McKeown, b. bef. 1750 in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  21. Elizabeth Jane Seed McKeown, b. in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  22. John Dickey, b. 1703 in Ireland, d. 1788 in South Carolina
  23. Martha McNeely Dickey, b. 1706 in Ireland, d. 1789 in South Carolina
  24. Robert Wiseman, b. abt. 1715 in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  25. Margaret Jeffords Wiseman, b. abt. 1714 in Ireland, d. in South Carolina
  26. Samuel Caldwell, b. 1747 in Ireland, d. 1816 in South Carolina
  27. James Maitland Lauderdale, b. 1690 in Scotland, d. 1769 in Tennessee
  28. Jean Sutherland Gordon Lauderdale, b. 1693 in Scotland, d. 1747 in Virginia
  29. James M. McNeely, b. 1700 in Scotland, d. 1764 in South Carolina
  30. Agnes Munnerlyn McNeely, b. abt. 1700, d. 1764 in South Carolina
  31. Francis George Steger, b. 1710 in Germany, d. 1769 in Virginia
  32. Ann Perratt Steger, b. 1719 in England, d. 1748 in Virginia
  33. Mary Bryan Raiford, b. 1702 in England, d. 1765 in North Carolina
  34. James N Irwin, b. 1709 in Scotland, d. 1770 in North Carolina
  35. Agness Patterson Irwin, b. 1716 in Ireland, d. 1800 in North Carolina
  36. John Andrews, b. in Ireland, d. 1756 in North Carolina

10th Generation

  1. Richard Skaggs, Sr., b. in England, d. 1726 in Maryland (also in 11th generation x4)
  2. Johann Jacob Pederson Mueller, b. 1697 in Germany, d. 1766 in Virginia (x3)
  3. Maria Margaret Duerreberger Mueller, b. 1709 in Germany, d. 1758 in Virginia (x3)
  4. Nicholas Ensminger, b. 1699 in Germany, d. 1785 in Pennsylvania (x3)
  5. Anna M. Ludwig Ensminger, b. 1703 in Germany, d. 1786 in Pennsylvania (x3)
  6. Johann Peter Ensminger, b. 1694 in France, d. 1739 in Pennsylvania (x3)
  7. Mary Catherine Trautmann Ensminger, b. 1700 in France, d. 1773 in Pennsylvania (x3)
  8. Andreas Kessinger, b. 1707 in Germany, d. in Pennsylvania (x3)
  9. Maria S. Fischerin Kessinger, b. 1707 in Germany, d. in Pennsylvania (x3)
  10. Samuel Paxton, b. 1670 in Ireland, d. abt. 1746 in Pennsylvania
  11. Agnes Nees Paxton, b. 1670 in Ireland, d. 1746 in Pennsylvania
  12. Johann Georg Sparr, b. 1699 in Germany, d. 1777 in Pennsylvania
  13. Maria Catrina Kauffman Sparr, b. 1703 in Germany, d. 1776 in Pennsylvania
  14. Thomas Nevitt, b. 1720 in Ireland, d. 1760 in Pennsylvania
  15. Catherine Steer Nevitt, b. 1725 in Ireland, d. 1761 in Pennsylvania
  16. John Burdett, b. 1710 in England, d. 1755 in Virginia
  17. Mary E Reaves Burdett, b. 1710 in England, d. 1770 in Virginia
  18. Edmund Wolfe, b. 1720 in England, d. 1759 in Virginia
  19. Isabella Lowther Wolfe, b. 1720 in England, d. in Virginia
  20. John Shumate, b. 1708 in Martinique, d. 1783 in Virginia
  21. James McKeown, b. 1695 in Ireland, d. 1767 in South Carolina
  22. Heinrich Riggenbacher, b. 1735 in Switzerland, d. 1780 in Virginia
  23. James William Fyffe, b. 1713 in Ireland, d. 1781 in Maryland
  24. Sarah Watson Fyffe, b. 1720 in Ireland, d. 1795 in Maryland
  25. William John McMillan, b. 1717 in Ireland, d. 1792 in Pennsylvania
  26. Margaret Rea McMillan, b. 1710 in Ireland, d. 1768 in Pennsylvania
  27. Jane McDonald/McDaniel, b. 1717 in Scotland, d. aft. 1776 in Maryland
  28. Cornelius Noell, b. 1623 in the Netherlands, d. 1699 in Virginia
  29. Elizabeth Taylor Smithers, b. 1661 in England, d. aft. 1729 in probably Maryland
  30. Thomas Jefferson, (grandfather of the President) b. in the West Indies, d. 1687 in Virginia (x3 plus once in the 11th)
  31. John Henry Raines, Sr., b. 1686 in England, d. 1768 in Virginia
  32. John Bristow, b. 1649 in England, d. 1716 in Virginia
  33. Thomas Devane, b. 1700 in France, d. 1773 in North Carolina

11th Generation

  1. John Cartwright, b 1602 in England, d. in Virginia
  2. Benjamin Brashears, b. 1626 in France, d. 1662 in Maryland (also in 12th generation x4)
  3. Mary Richford Brashears, b. 1621 in England, d. 1663 in Maryland (also in 12th generation x4)
  4. Katharina Emmerich Trautmann, b. 1671 in France, d. in Pennsylvania (x4)
  5. Richard Tye, b. 1617 in England, d. 1658 in Virginia
  6. Frances Joyce Bland Tye, b. 1609 in England, d. 1677 in Virginia
  7. Jan Salomonse Goewey, b. 1649 in the Netherlands, d. 1731 in New York
  8. John O’Neal, b. 1675 in England, d. 1735 in America
  9. Isaac Steer, b. 1675 in Ireland, d. 1760 in Pennsylvania
  10. Jean de la Chaumette, b. 1664 in France, d. 1728 in Virginia
  11. Barbara Thommen Riggenbacher, b. 1700 in Switzerland, d. 1740 in Pennsylvania
  12. Eleazor Watson, b. 1694 in Ireland, 1723 in Maryland
  13. Margarite White, b. 1694 in England, d. in Maryland
  14. Guein Corem Jones Carmack, b. 1685 in Scotland, d. in Maryland
  15. Mary Archibald McDonald/McDaniel, b. 1700 in Scotland, d. 1769 in Maryland
  16. Rebecca Statham Cartley, b. 1683 in England, d. in Virginia
  17. Thomas Page, b. 1605 in England, d. 1677 in Virginia
  18. Elizabeth Allen Page, b. 1607 in England, d. 1666 in Virginia
  19. Thomas Smithers, b. 1634 in England, d. 1678 in Virginia
  20. John Nettles, b. 1620 in England, d. 1686 on ship from America to Indonesia
  21. Mary Reed Nettles, b. 1626 in England, d. in America
  22. William Pritchett, b. 1630 in England, d. 1678 in Virginia
  23. Roger Tilsey, b. 1680 in England, d. in North Carolina
  24. Josiah Darby, b. 1670 in Ireland, d. 1715 in South Carolina
  25. Hannah Berrisford Darby, b. 1670 in England, d. in South Carolina
  26. Joseph Warnock, b. abt. 1678 in Scotland, d. 1754 in South Carolina
  27. Judith Soane Field, b. 1646 in England, d. 1707 in Virginia
  28. Philip E Raiford Jr., b. 1649 in England, d. 1724 in Virginia
  29. Sarah Kinchen Raiford, b. 1655 in England, d. 1724 in Virginia
  30. William Oliver, b. in England, d. in Virginia
  31. Elizabeth Muscoe Garnett, b. 1680 in England, d. 1750 in Virginia
  32. Humphrey Pope Sr., b. 1648 in England, d. 1684 in Virginia
  33. Elizabeth Hawkins Pope, b. 1635 in England, d. 1717 in Virginia

12th Generation

  1. Thomas Keeling, b. 1608 in England, d. 1664 in Virginia
  2. Anne Bray Thorowgood, b. 1618 in England, d. 1683 in Virginia
  3. John Martin, b. 1600 in England, d. 1638 in Virginia
  4. Ann Keeling Martin, b. 1620 in England, d. in Virginia
  5. John I Carraway, b. 1614 in England, d. 1669 in Virginia (also in 11th generation)
  6. Ann Elizabeth Foster Carraway, b. 1620 in England, d. 1692 in Virginia (also in 11th generation)
  7. William Shipp, b. 1606 in England, d. 1657 in Virginia
  8. Sarah Kempe Shipp, b. 1602 in England, d. 1658 in Virginia
  9. Henry Woodhouse, 1607 in England, d. 1655 in Virginia
  10. Maria Carter Woodhouse, b. 1611 in England, d. 1683 in Virginia
  11. Gregory Bland, b. 1567 in England, d. 1677 in Virginia
  12. Evert Jansen Wendell, b. 1615 in East Friesland (now Germany), d. 1709 in New York
  13. Abraham Staats, b. 1619 in the Netherlands, d. 1694 in New York
  14. Catrina J Wessel Staats, b. 1621 in the Netherlands, d. 1703 in New York
  15. Jacob Teunis De Kay, b. 1633 in the Netherlands, d. 1691 in New York
  16. Johannes Pieterszen Van Brugh, b. abt. 1624 in the Netherlands, d. abt. 1699 in New York
  17. Catrina Raeleffse Van Brugh, b. 1629 in the Netherlands, d. 1700 in New York
  18. Goosen G. Van Schaick, g. 1630 in the Netherlands, d. 1676 in New York
  19. Gerritje B. Van Nieukerke Van Schaick, b. 1623 in the Netherlands, d. 1656 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  20. Teunis Cornelis Van Der Poel, b. abt. 1618 in the Netherlands, d. abt. 1690 in New York
  21. Catrina Janse Croon Van Der Poel, b. in the Netherlands, d. 1694 in New York
  22. Salomon Abelse Goewey, b. 1617 in the Netherlands, d. 1668 in New York
  23. Barbara Philips Goewey, b. 1619 in the Netherlands, d. abt. 1710 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  24. Pieter Jansen Loockermans, b. 1593 in the Netherlands, d. 1684 in New York
  25. Mary Duncanson Loockermans, b. abt. 1614 in Scotland, d. in New York
  26. Ruth Mercer Steer, b. 1648 in Ireland, d. 1720 in Pennsylvania
  27. Thomas Gregg, b. 1650 in England, d. 1698 in Virginia
  28. Thomas Owsley, b. 1658 in England, d. 1698 in Virginia
  29. Henry Cartley, b. 1650 in England, d. in Virginia
  30. Richard Charles Harwell, b. 1640 in England, d. 1700 in Virginia
  31. Mary Ann Winterbourne Harwell, b. in England, d. in Virginia
  32. William Peacock, b. 1642 in England, d. 1723 in Virginia
  33. James Stringfellow, b. 1645 in England, d. 1735 in Virginia
  34. Margaret Madison Stringfellow, b. abt. 1640 in Scotland, d. abt. 1740 in Virginia
  35. Richard Singletary (changed name from Dunham), b. 1599 in England, d. 1687 in Massachusetts
  36. Susanna Cooke Singletary, b. 1616 in England, d. 1682 in Massachusetts
  37. John Stockbridge, d b. 1607 in England, d. 1657 in Massachusetts
  38. Andrew Warnock, b. 1654 in Scotland, d. 1728 in South Carolina
  39. Mary Jane Drake Warnock, b. 1655 in Scotland, d. 1733 in South Carolina
  40. Solomon Johnson, b. 1627 in England, d. 1690 in Massachusetts
  41. John Plympton, b. 1619 in England, d. 1677 in Canada after leaving America
  42. Abraham Munden, b. 1619 in England, d. 1645 in Massachusetts
  43. Christopher Branch, b. 1598 in England, d. 1681 in Virginia (x2, also in 13th generation x2)
  44. Mary Addie Branch, b. 1599 in England, d. 1630 in Virginia (x2, also in 13th generation x2)
  45. Samuel Almond, b. 1600 in England, d. 1644 in Virginia (x2, also in 13th generation x2)
  46. Mary Crockford Almond, b. bef. 1610 in England, d. in Virginia (x2, also in 13th generation x2)
  47. Francis Eppes II, b. 1627 in England, d. 1678 in Virginia
  48. Henry Isham, b. 1627 in England, d. 1670 in Virginia
  49. Katherine Banks Royall-Isham, b. 1625 in England, d. 1686 in Virginia
  50. James Field, b. 1604 in England, d. 1707 in Virginia
  51. Ann Rogers Clark Field, b. 1608 in England, d. 1707 in Virginia
  52. Henry Soane, b. 1622 in England, d. 1620 in Virginia
  53. Judeth Fuller Soane, b. 1620 in England, d. 1695 in Virginia
  54. Philip Wreyford, b. 1623 in England, d. 1680 in Virginia
  55. William Clopton, Sr., b. 1655 in England, d. 1733 in Virginia
  56. George Wilkinson, b. 1655 in England, d. 1717 in Virginia
  57. Sara Lyddall Wilkinson, b. 1662 in England, d. abt. 1705 in Virginia
  58. Thomas Hales, b. 1608 in England, d. 1657 in Virginia
  59. Ann Randolph Hales, b. 1611 in England, d. in Virginia
  60. Salvator Muscoe, Sr., b. 1645 in Italy, d. 1741 in Virginia
  61. William Morris Veale, b. 1628 in England, d. in Virginia

13th Generation

  1. John Lovett, b. abt. 1578 in England, d. 1633 in Virginia (also in 12th generation)
  2. Anne Josselyn Lovett, b. 1582 in England, d. 1637 in Virginia (also in 12th generation)
  3. John Johnson, b. 1600 in England, d. 1690 in Virginia (also in 12th generation)
  4. Elizabeth Dufield Johnson, b. 1605 in England, d. 1690 in Virginia (also in 12th generation)
  5. Richard Foster, b. 1587 in England, d. in Virginia (also in 12th generation)
  6. Dorcas Mira Isham Foster, b. 1600 in England, d. 1651 in Virginia (also in 12th generation)
  7. George Kempe, b. 1557 in England, d. 1655 in Virginia
  8. Mary Alwinkell Kempe, b. in England, d. in Virginia
  9. Michael Ventre (Fentress), b. 1630 in France, d. 1686 in Virginia
  10. Philippe A Du Trieux, b. 1586 in France, d. 1653 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  11. Susanna Du Chesne Du Trieux, b. 1601 in England, d. 1654 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  12. Jochem Wesselse, b. 1579 in Germany, d. 1681 in New York
  13. Geertruy Hieronimus Wesselse, b. 1584 in the Netherlands, d. in New York
  14. Theunis Thomaszen Quick, b. abt. 1600 in the Netherlands, d. aft. 1666 in New York
  15. Belitjen Jacobusse Quick, b. in the Netherlands, d. in New York
  16. Roelof Jansz Jansen, b. 1602 in Sweden, d. bef. 1637 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  17. Anneke Webber Jansen, b. 1605 in Norway, d. 1663 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  18. Brandt Van Neukirke, b. abt. 1593 in the Netherlands, d. 1644 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  19. Lubbertje Wouters Peelen Van Neukirke, b.1600 in the Netherlands, d. 1643 in New Netherlands (now New York)
  20. Dirck Jansz Croon, b. 1606 in the Netherlands, d. abt. 1706 in New York
  21. Jannetje Kroons Croon, b. 1610 in the Netherlands, d. 1693 in New York
  22. Edward Bourke Ellis, Sr., b. 1630 in England, d. 1670 in Virginia
  23. Elizabeth Kate Stevens Ellis, b. 1620 in England, d. 1669 in Virginia
  24. John Fearn, b. 1664 in England, d. 1700 in Virginia
  25. William Cornwell, b. 1609 in England, d. 1678 in Connecticut
  26. Peter Duncan, b. 1624 in Scotland, d. 1676 in Virginia
  27. Elizabeth Caldwell Duncan, b. 1625 in Scotland, d. 1671 in Virginia
  28. John Holeman, b. 1602 in England, d. 1652 in Massachusetts
  29. Anne Bishop Holeman, b. 1616 in England, d. 1673 in Massachusetts
  30. John Rigby, b. 1610 in England, d. 1647 in Massachusetts
  31. Isabel Prescott Rigby, b. 1610 in England, d. 1673 in Massachusetts
  32. Thomas Foulk Harwell, b. 1606 in England, d. 1704 in Virginia
  33. Elizabeth Bailey Harwell, b. 1616 in England, d. 1645 in Virginia
  34. John Benton, b. 1585 in England, d. 1653 in Virginia
  35. Joanne Reading Benton, b. 1587 in England, d. 1658 in Virginia
  36. John Cotton, b. 1625 in England, d. 1702 in Virginia
  37. Ann Harrison Hucheson Cotton, b. 1630 in England, d. 1685 in Virginia
  38. William Thomas Peacock, b. 1623 in England, d. 1661 in Massachusetts
  39. Robert Stringfellow, b. 1615 in Scotland, d. 1690 in Virginia
  40. Catherine Rodgers Stringfellow, b. 1620 in Scotland, d. 1700 in Virginia
  41. Thomas Broughton, b. 1614 in England, d. 1700 in Massachusetts
  42. Mary Biscoe Broughton, b. 1619 in England, d. 1644 in Massachusetts
  43. John William Plimpton, b. abt. 1590 in England, d. bef. 1690 in Massachusetts
  44. Mary Vanasar Plimpton, b. 1600 in England, d. 1680 in Massachusetts
  45. Francis Eppes, b. 1597 in England, d. bef. 1674 in Virginia
  46. Marie Pawlett Eppes, b. 1602 in England, d. aft. 1644 in Virginia
  47. Richard Taylor Jr., b. 1621 in England, d. 1684 in Virginia
  48. Sarah Frances Barker Taylor, b. 1623 in England, d. 1694 in Virginia
  49. Samuel Thomas Jones, b. 1612 in England, d. 1673 in Massachusetts
  50. Cornelia Polaer Jones, b. 1605 in Germany, d. 1633 in Massachusetts
  51. William James Osgood, b. 1609 in England, d. 1700 in Massachusetts
  52. Elizabeth Clere Osgood, b. 1612 in England, d. 1718 in Massachusetts
  53. Robert Booth, b. 1613 in England, d. 1657 in Virginia
  54. Frances Burgess Booth, b. 1609 in England, d. 1668 in Virginia
  55. George Lyddall, b. 1620 in England, d. 1705 in Virginia
  56. Barbara Stangways Lyddall, b. 1625 in England, d. 1704 in Virginia
  57. Elizabeth Newton Ford, b. abt. 1662 in England, d. 1714 in Virginia
  58. William Andrews, b. 1625 in England, d. 1684 in Virginia
  59. John Taylor Jr., b. 1627 in England, d. 1702 in Virginia
  60. Alice Gascoigne, b. 1628 in England, d. 1702 in Virginia
  61. William Francis Poythress, b. abt. 1609 in England, d. bef. 1661 in Virginia
  62. Mary Frances Sloman Poythress, b. 1618 in England, d. 1675 in Virginia
  63. Henry Lee, b. 1627 in England, d. 1657 in Virginia
  64. Anne Davers Lee, b. 1625 in England, d. abt. 1723 in Virginia

14th Generation

  1. Thomas Godwin, b. 1614 in England, d. 1676 in Virginia
  2. Mary Elizabeth Bridger Godwin b. abt. 1617 in England, d. abt. 1683 in France
  3. Christopher Wadsworth, b. 1609 in England, d. 1678 in Massachusetts
  4. Grace Cole Wadsworth, b. 1607 in England, d. 1688 in Massachusetts
  5. Nathaniel Biscoe (Briscoe), b. 1595 in England, d. aft. 1651 in England (after leaving America)
  6. Elizabeth Honor Biscoe, b. 1600 in England, d. 1642 in Massachusetts
  7. Thomas Pawlett, b. 1575 in England, d. 1643 in Virginia
  8. Stephen Hamlin, b. 1607 in England, d. 1665 in Virginia
  9. Agnes Margaret Powell Hamlin, b. 1614 in England, d. 1680 in Virginia
  10. Richard Taylor, Sr., b. abt. 1597, d. 1679 in Virginia
  11. William Barker, b. 1598 in England, d. 1655 in Virginia
  12. Richard Harrison, b. 1600 in England, d. 1664 in Virginia
  13. Elizabeth Besouth Harrison, b. abt. 1600 in England, d. in Virginia
  14. Robert Wyatt, b. 1620 in England, d. 1660 in Virginia
  15. Jonathan Jones, b. 1585 in England, d. 1666 in Massachusetts
  16. John Ford, b. 1636 in England, d. 1699 in Virginia
  17. Mary Jane Mallory Ford, b. 1641 in England, d. 1706 in Virginia
  18. Edward Newton, b. 1632 in England, d. 1713 in Virginia
  19. Arthur Starkey, b. 1611 in England, d. 1666 in Massachusetts
  20. Mary Wickstead, b. 1608 in England, d. 1680 in Massachusetts
  21. Thomas Garnett, b. 1585 in England, d. 1635 in Virginia
  22. Elizabeth Powell Garnett, b. 1593 in England, d. 1650 in Virginia
  23. Henry Hooper, b. in England, d. in Maryland
  24. Sarah Emily Rycroft Hooper, b. in England, d. in Maryland
  25. John Taylor, b. 1607 in England, d. 1651 in Virginia
  26. Elizabeth Nynne Taylor, b. 1610 in England, d. 1659 in Virginia
  27. Thomas Gascoigne, b. 1601 in England, d. 1665 in Virginia
  28. John Sloman, b. 1586 in England, d. 1658 in Virginia
  29. Katherine Eppes Maplesden-Sloman, b. 1587 in England, d. bef. 1660 in Virginia
  30. William Snowdall Sr., b. 1620 in England, d. 1670 in Virginia (x2)
  31. Elizabeth Dawson Snowdall, b. 1620 in England, d. abt. 1668 in Virginia (x2)
  32. Rice Justice, b. 1618 in England, d. in Virginia (x2)
  33. Grace Pondman Justice, b. 1635 in England, d. abt. 1654 in Virginia (x2)
  34. Henry Andrews Sr., b. 1608 in England, d. 1653 in Massachusetts
  35. Mary Pool Andrews, b. 1611 in England, d. 1653 in Massachusetts

15th Generation

  1. Mary Litcott Barker, b. 1558 in England, d. 1673 in Virginia
  2. Edward Newton Sr., b. 1604 in England, d. 1654 in Virginia
  3. Catherine Elizabeth Jones Newton, b. 1601 in England, d. 1650 in Virginia
  4. William Seale, b. 1635 in England, d. 1704 in Virginia
  5. Susanna Stow Seale, b. 1641 in England, d. 1704 in Virginia
  6. John Muse, b. 1633 in England, d. 1723 in Virginia
  7. John William Justice, b. 1598 in England, d. 1664 in Virginia

16th Generation

  1. John Newton, b. 1575 in England, d. 1633 in Massachusetts
  2. Samuel Neel Stowe, b. 1613 in England, d. in Virginia
  3. Elizabeth Etheridge Stowe, b. 1617 in England, d. 1680 in Virginia
  4. John Parsons, b. 1611 in England or Ireland, d. 1699 in Virginia
  5. Jane Deares Parsons, b. 1615 in Ireland, d. abt. 1699 in Virginia

Builders of the Old Dominion 3

Samuel Almond and Mary Crockford

Getting to Virginia

Despite the fact that many events in the life of Samuel Almond cannot be documented, he was a real person who really did leave his home in Chesham, England, to immigrate to Jamestown.  That much we know.

Chesham is only 11 miles from Aylesbury, where Thomas Harris and Adria Hoare had lived, and also not far from London, where Christopher Branch and Mary Addie had lived. They were among many who left this area of England in the first half of the 17th century to settle in Virginia. Samuel’s name is usually seen in the documents as SAMUELL, and the surname is sometimes seen as ALLMAND or D’ALMOND.

A review of my previous post, Builders of the Old Dominion 2, will help give context:   Christopher Branch and his wife Mary Addie had arrived on the Marchant in 1620. By the time Christopher Branch’s children had grown up, Samuel Almond had arrived in Jamestown. This is estimated by researcher Louise Ashby Almond to have been around 1635, when Henrico County was organized as one of the eight original shires of Virginia. 

Christopher Branch and Samuel Almond undoubtedly knew each other since they were land owners in the same county, but Christopher’s wife Mary had died by the time Samuel Almond arrived. Years later, Samuel’s daughter, Sarah Almond, married Christopher’s son, Christopher Branch, Jr.  There is no documentation for this, unfortunately—only family tradition and unverified notes. Sarah Almond and Christopher Branch Jr. were the parents of Mary Branch, future grandmother of President Thomas Jefferson.

Becoming a Land Owner

Samuel’s three land transactions were made in 1637, 1638, and 1639. Immigration records show his arrival in 1639, but that date refers to when his land was patented or the record created—not when he actually arrived. This is explained in this reference from Ancestry.com:

The map which follows shows Samuel’s land in the extreme upper left corner. It was just south of present day Richmond. The transactions are listed in Cavaliers and Pioneers.

  1. Arthur Bayly and Thomas Crosby received 800 acres in Henrico County in January 1637. They assigned 400 acres of this patent to Samuell Almond.
  2. Thomas Crosby transferred another 400 acres to Samuell Almond in February 1638.
  3. In March 1639, Samuell Almond received 600 more acres in Henrico County.

Almost all of the land owners grew tobacco, and, apparently, it was a very involved process to get the tobacco ready for market. (Note: The illustration more accurately portrays a much later time period.)

Whether Samuel had slaves or not, I do not know, but I doubt that he did. The first slaves arrived in 1619, but the Virginians had no intention of having slaves. Slavery was introduced when a Dutch ship captain, running short of provisions, was trying to get the Africans off his ship. He landed at Jamestown and wanted the Virginians to buy them. The Virginians did not want to do that, but they finally agreed to it when the captain threatened to throw the captives overboard. (Wallace)

Over time, more and more settlers had slaves, but it was a societal change that evolved slowly from that first encounter, eventually creating suffering and discord that has lasted to this day.

The tobacco growers had a system of verifying the quality of all the tobacco. Samuel was tasked with this responsibility in 1639, as explained in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. It is apparent that he had earned respect from his new neighbors after being in Henrico less than five years.

Still Researching the Almonds

I have seen some trees on Ancestry.com that provide more detailed information about Samuel Almond; however, the sources included do not support the conclusions. For example, you can’t use birth records to support  a birth that occurred a century earlier. Obviously.

One contributor on Ancestry.com did provide some credible notes of Louise Ashby Almond (1911-1990), who had received the genealogical records completed by her uncle, Frank Hobson. Clearly, we have to use this information cautiously since we have no other documentation. Louise stated that the Almond family originally lived in Alsace Lorraine, where residents were under severe stress due to wars and religious persecution. The Almonds fled to England and settled in Chesham.

According to Louise’s notes, Samuel’s two children, Sarah and William, survived the well-documented Indian massacre of April 1644 by hiding in a woodbox. Samuel, however, was among 500 other Virginians who were slaughtered. No mention is made of Samuel’s wife or who cared for the children after their father’s death.

The tradition is that Samuel’s wife was Mary Crockford. I have not yet been able to verify that, but I have found some English wills in Sussex that mention Crockfords. Contributors to WikiTree have included a little more detail, providing the names  John Almond and Elizabeth Weldon as Samuel’s parents, and  George Crockford and Anne Honna  as parents of Mary. The WikiTree page says Samuel and Mary were married in Sussex, England, in 1623.  I will update this post as more reliable information comes to light.

Hopefully, someone will read this and offer information that helps verify the wife and children of Samuel Almond, a resident of Henrico County for less than 10 years before his decease. If you know more details, I want to hear from you!

Sources:

Mysterious Origins

John Bristow

My immigrant ancestor John Bristow is listed in some genealogies as John Newton Bristow, but I have not found any document that included the name “Newton”. The Christ Church Parish records from Middlesex County, Virginia, contain many of the births, deaths, and marriages of John Bristow, his children, and grandchildren, so we know they stayed in one place for several generations. Genealogists working on families from Middlesex County will appreciate the efforts of the vestrymen who, in 1663, initiated the creation of the register and then took care to preserve it.

The church now standing was being built before John died, but there had been another building on the same site since 1666. The photo of Christ Church was originally posted by J. T. Cummings at Findagrave.com in the section devoted to Christ Church Cemetery, where John Bristow is buried. I do not know if there is actually a tombstone marking his grave, but his death and burial are included in the church register: “John Bristow dyed October ye 10 & was buried October ye 13, 1716.” There is a Christ Church Cemetery map posted by D. Bevan at Findagrave.com, which indicates that plot 107 is where any Bristows are buried.

John’s origins are mysterious, and any effort to determine his ancestry will result in frustration. However, it seems fairly clear that John, was, indeed, an immigrant. The Bristow Association, which I have not yet been able to contact, previously issued a report saying that John Bristow was “found wandering through the Colony of Virginia in 1663”.  This was in Lancaster County, established in 1651. The Lancaster County Order Book mentions him: “John Bristow svnt to John Hughes coming into this country without indenture and appearing to this Cort is ordered to serve seaven years from his arrival.

It has been estimated that John was 14 years old in 1663, which would put his birth in 1649. Why was he in Virginia without “papers”? How did he get there? Where did he come from? Who were his parents? I am still trying to find satisfactory answers to those questions. Middlesex County was formed from part of Lancaster County in 1669, so John Bristow stayed in the same general area from 1663 until his death in 1716. These counties are on either side of the James River where it empties into Chesapeake Bay, and many immigrants entering Virginia from the Atlantic Ocean likely passed through them.

A Robert Bristow had property in Lancaster County at the time John arrived there, but it is not known what their relationship was. (Cavaliers and Pioneers pages 340, 505, 536, and 553 In searching wills, land records, county histories, and parish records for answers, one will find an extraordinary amount of conflicting data.

Here are some examples of the conflicting data: Robert Bristow married Averilla Curtis, and it seems his son Robert married Catherine Woolley in England. This much can be gathered from marriage records and wills. One may be inclined to say that Robert Sr. and Averilla were John’s parents, but one record says Robert Sr. was born in 1625 and another says he was born in 1643. Some records say he immigrated to Virginia in 1660, but he supposedly married Averilla, of Virginia, in 1650. Some records say Averilla was born in 1625, but her sister, Sarah Curtis Perrott, was born in 1657. That seems an unlikely age difference. Sarah Curtis married Richard Perrott, Jr., in 1672, at age 14, but she had already been married to William Halfhide before 1670, which would have made her 11 or 12 at first marriage. The mother of Averilla and Sarah was also named Averilla, so the records are sometimes unclear as to which Averilla is meant. Robert Bristow, the Lancaster County plantation owner, returned to England at some point and remained until his death in 1706/7. His son Robert Jr. apparently lived in England and died just before his father. They both left wills, but they are a little confusing (at least to me). Richard and Sarah Curtis Perrott attended the same church as John Bristow, but it is not known how they were related, if at all. One might guess that Sarah Curtis Perrott was John’s aunt or cousin. However, I have not found any evidence other than proximity that John was the son of Robert Bristow Sr. and his wife Averilla Curtis. I do believe they were related in some way. John did not name any of his children Robert or Averilla, but his son James Bristow did name children Robert and Averilla. James was the only one of John’s children whose birth is not in the parish records, but he was mentioned in John’s will.  Clearly, there are many issues involved in trying to pin down John’s heritage, and I don’t believe anyone has been able to do it at this point.

John’s indentured service ended around 1670. Sometime before 1680, he married Mary Michal Nicholls. In 1687, he served in the Middlesex County militia. The births of these children are in the parish records: Johannah in 1680, William in 1682, Michal in 1684, Thomas in 1687, Elizabeth in 1690, Nicholas in 1694, and Anne in 1701. Almost all of these children’s marriages are also in the parish records, as well as the births and marriages of some of John’s grandchildren. My descent is from the daughter Anne Bristow, who married Anthony Seale and moved to Prince William County. John’s first wife, Mary Michal Nicholls, died before 1711, and John then married Mrs. Mary Goodloe Carter, by whom he had three more children. I found birth records for two of them—Jedediah in 1713 and Mary in 1715.

John had a plantation with many slaves that are mentioned in the parish records. He left a will naming some of his children, but  daughters Elizabeth and Michal, and possibly Johannah, preceded him in death. The will of John Bristow was probated Nov. 6, 1716, and is recorded in Will Book “B”, p. 51, Middlesex County, Virginia. It reads

  “In the name of God Amen I John Bristow being sick and week in body but sound in memory do make this my last will and testamt First I bequeath my soule to God that made it; my body to the earth from whence it came; and all my worldly goods as follows:  Item I lend unto my loving wife Mary Bristow one negro woman named Judy during my wifes natural life; then to return to my estate againe Item I give and bequeath unto my son Nicholas Bristow one negro man named Jack to him and his heirs Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Anne Bristow one negro woman named Bess with incres to hur and hur heires forever Item I give and bequeath unto my grandson John Bristow sone of Tho: Bristow one negro  boy named Majgor to him and his heires Item I give and bequeath unto William Owen sone of Michaell Owen one negro garle named Lotty hur and hur incres forever Item I give and bequeath unto my sone William Bristow one negro garle named Rose hur and hur incres forever Item I give and bequeath unto my two sones Nicholas and James Bristow my land to be equally divided betoined them and their heires forever Item I give and bequeath my hole personall estate to be equally divided betoine my wife and children after my debts first paid and Lastly I appoint my sones Nicholas and James Bristow Executures of this my last Will and Testament as witness my hand and seale this 20 Day of Feb 1716.

  (Signed) John Bristow (Seal)

  Will Daniell

  Will Daniell jnr.

Probated November 6, 1716″

Despite his inauspicious arrival in Virginia, John seems to have been successful. I don’t like the fact that he owned slaves, but he was apparently devoted to his family and was a respected resident of Christ Church Parish where he served as lay reader, appraiser, juror, and clerk of the vestry.

Copyright © 2019 K Steele Barrera.   All rights reserved.

 

Sources for John Bristow

Cavaliers and Pioneers. Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1666, Vol. I. Accessed at Ancestry.com on March 15, 2019.  https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=FLHG-CavaliersPioneers&h=334676&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

Colonial men and times : containing the journal of Col. Daniel Trabue, some account of his ancestry, life and travels in Virginia. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah, 2005. Accessed on March 15, 2019.

England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. Published by Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah, 2004. Accessed on March 15, 2019.

The Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, from 1653 to 1812. Printed by W.E. Jones, Richmond, Virginia, 1897. Accessed 15 March 2019 at https://archive.org.

U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900. Yates Publishing, 2004. Accessed at Ancestry.com on March 15, 2019.

Virginia Colonial Militia, 1651-1776, Vol. II. Accessed at Ancestry.com on March 15, 2019. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=FLHG-VAColonialMilitiaII&h=342614&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

Virginia Will Records. Accessed at Ancestry.com on March 15, 2019